Melasma is a common skin condition that can be challenging to treat. It causes brown or grey patches on the face and other sun-exposed areas and while it is not dangerous, it can be difficult to hide with makeup or other cosmetics. Topical agents and chemical peels may not work effectively, making laser treatments a highly successful and sought-after treatment option.

As a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with dual wavelengths at 1064nm and 532nm, the Helios III is one of the most advanced lasers for treating melasma and might just be the solution you’ve been looking for. In this blog, we’ll explore the different types of melasma and how the Helios III can effectively treat this condition. If you’re looking to offer your clients a safe and effective way to treat their melasma, keep reading to learn more about the Helios III laser.

What is Melasma?

Melasma is a skin condition that results from an overproduction of melanin, which is the pigment that gives our skin its colour. This occurs when melanocytes in the skin produce excess pigmentation, leading to brown or grey patches on the face. These patches, while not dangerous to one’s health, can be difficult to conceal with makeup or other cosmetics.

Women with darker complexions are more prone to developing melasma, as they have more melanocytes in their skin. While sun exposure is the most significant contributor to melasma development, the condition is also linked to hormonal changes. Women who are pregnant or taking hormonal birth control are more susceptible to developing melasma.

Additionally, genetics and certain medications can also trigger melasma. As a result, it is important to address all possible factors when treating this condition as treatment options for melasma can vary, and not all treatments are effective for all cases.

Types of Melasma

Melasma can be classified into three main types based on the depth of pigmentation in the skin. These types include:

  1. Epidermal Melasma: This is the most common type of melasma, and it occurs in the top layer of the skin (epidermis). It is characterized by brownish patches that are well-defined and often symmetrical. Epidermal melasma is typically responsive to treatment, and it can be treated with a range of options, including topical agents, chemical peels, and laser treatments.
  2. Dermal Melasma: This type of melasma occurs in the deeper layer of the skin (dermis) and is characterized by bluish-grey patches that have fuzzy borders. Dermal melasma is often more challenging to treat than epidermal melasma, and it may require more aggressive treatment options, such as laser treatments or a combination of different modalities.
  3. Mixed Melasma: As the name suggests, mixed melasma is a combination of epidermal and dermal melasma. It is characterized by brownish-grey patches that have both well-defined and fuzzy borders. Mixed melasma is often challenging to treat and may require a combination of different treatment options, including topical agents, chemical peels, and laser treatments.

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Laser Treatment with the Helios III

Laser treatment can be an effective option for treating melasma, particularly when other treatments have not been successful. Lasers work by targeting the excess pigmentation in the skin and breaking it up into smaller particles that can then be cleared by the body’s immune system.

The Helios III laser system stands out as a top-tier option for melasma treatment, thanks to its cutting-edge dual-wavelength capabilities at both 1064nm and 532nm. This innovative Q-Switched Nd:YAG laser provides excellent results for most types of melasma as it can penetrate different depths within the skin. The 1064nm wavelength is particularly effective for addressing deep dermal pigmentation, while the 532nm wavelength targets superficial epidermal pigmentation.

In addition, the Helios III utilizes 4G toning technology, combining four treatment modes at those two specific wavelengths. This innovative approach allows for effective and precise treatment of pigmentation located at different depths within the skin and ensures optimal results for clients with various types of melasma.

Furthermore, the Helios III provides advanced features including contact cooling technology, adjustable pulse durations, and precise energy delivery. Combined with the system’s user friendly interface, you will be able to ensure comfort for your clients and practitioners.

Expected outcomes

Utilising the Helios III laser for melasma treatment, means you will be able to produce remarkable outcomes for your clients. The dual-wavelength capability of the Helios III allows for targeted treatment of both superficial and deep pigment concerns associated with melasma. This comprehensive approach leads to noticeable lightening and reduction in the appearance of melasma patches. Clients can expect a more even skin tone, diminished pigmentation, and a rejuvenated complexion.

The number of Helios III treatments required to treat melasma will depend on the severity of the condition and your client’s skin type. Most people will require a series of treatments spaced several weeks apart. Results can be seen after a few weeks, and optimal results are typically seen after a few months.

The Helios III’s advanced technology and customisable treatment modes enable practitioners to tailor the treatment specifically to each client’s unique needs, maximising effectiveness and delivering highly satisfying results. Consequently, clients experience increased confidence and are delighted with the remarkable improvements in their skin’s appearance.


The Helios III laser stands out as a highly effective and versatile solution when treating melasma. With its dual-wavelength capability and advanced 4G toning technology, it offers targeted treatment for various types of melasma, addressing pigment situated at different depths within the skin.

From lightening and reducing the appearance of melasma patches to achieving a more even skin tone and rejuvenated complexion, the Helios III has proven to be a powerful tool in combating melasma. With its customisable treatment modes and patient-centric features, the Helios III provides your clients with the best treatment for melasma, empowering them to regain their skin’s radiance and feel their best.

To find out more about this highly versatile laser system and our excellent subscription offers, check out our Helios device page.